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Таблица префиксов

Фото пользователя Ирина Георгиевна Матвеева
Размещено: Ирина Георгиевна Матвеева - вс, 04/09/2011 - 17:21
Данные об авторе
Автор(ы): 
Матвеева Ирина Георгиевна
Место работы, должность: 

МОУ "Гимназия №1", учитель английского языка

Регион: 
Саратовская область
Характеристики ресурса
Уровни образования: 
среднее (полное) общее образование
Класс(ы): 
10 класс
Класс(ы): 
11 класс
Предмет(ы): 
Английский язык
Целевая аудитория: 
Учитель (преподаватель)
Тип ресурса: 
дидактический материал
Краткое описание ресурса: 
<p> Таблица префиксов для подготовки к ЕГЭ</p>

 

Prefix

Meaning

Examples

 

a-, an-, ab-

without, not

atypical, anhydrous, abnormal

 

abs-

away, departing from

abstract

 

ambi-

both

ambivalent

 

ante-

before

antedate, anteroom

 

anti-

against opposite

antislavery, antifascist

 

auto-

self

automobile

 

bi-

two

biannual

 

co-; com-

together with, joint

coexist, coauthor

 

counter-

opposite

counterattack

 

de-

to reverse an action, to remove, to deprive of

demobilize, decentralize

 

dis-

not, opposite of

disconnect, disobey

 

en-

to put into, to make

enlarge, enclose

 

ex-

previous, former

ex-minister

 

extra-

outside, beyond

extracurricular

 

hyper-

overly, excessive

hypertension

 

in-, il-, im-, ir-

not, without, lacking

incomplete, irregular, illegal

 

infra-

below, beneath

infrastructure

 

inter-

between, among

international

 

intra-

within

intravenous

 

macro-

large

macrocomputer

 

mal-

bad, wrongful ill

maltreat, malnutrition

micro-

small

microchip

mid-

in the middle of

mid-June

mis-

wrongly, bad, astray

misbehave

mono-

one, single

monorail

multi-

many

multipurpose

neo

new, recent

neoconservative

non-

not

non-essential

omm-

all

omnipotent

post-

after

postwar

pre-

before

prehistoric

pro-

in favour of

prodemocratic

re-

again, back

reeled, reopen

retro-

back

retroactive

semi-

partly, half

semicircle

sub-

under, less than normal

subway, subnormal

super-

above, beyond, greater than

supermarket, superman

syn-, sym-

together, at the same time

synthesis

trans-

across

transatlantic

ultra-

extremely, beyond

ultramodern

un-

not, opposite, to reverse an action

unknown, undisturbed

uni-

one

uniform

Suffixes

Suffixes that form nouns

Suffix

Meaning

Original word

New noun

-асу, -су

state

candidate

candidacy

age

result, process

drain

drainage

-ance, -ence

state, quality

guide, exist

guidance existence

-ant, -ent

agent, doer

consult, reside

consultant resident

-action

action

condemn

condemnation

-ition, -ion

state, result

abolish, fuse

abolition fusion

-dom

condition, state, domain

wise, king

wisdom kingdom

-ее

one receiving action

trust

trustee

-eer

doer, worker

engine

engineer

-er, -or

doer, maker resident

narrate, London

narrator Londoner

-ful

amount

spoon

spoonful

-hood

state, condition

child

childhood

-ism

system

feudal

feudalism

-ity

state, quality

valid

validity

-ive

agent, doer

detect

detective

-ment

action, result

amaze

amazement

-ness

quality, state

vivid

vividness

(e)ry

people or things as a whole

rob, dentist

robbery dentistry

 

-ship

state, condition

member

membership

 

-tude

quality, state

serve

servitude

 

-ure

result, means

depart

departure

 

-y

result, action

jealous

jealousy

 

             

Suffixes that form adjectives

Suffix

Meaning

Original word

New adjective

-able, -ible

able, capable of

reason

reasonable

-al

characteristic of

season

seasonal

-ant, -ent

doing, showing

appear, observe

apparent, observant

-ary

tending to

fragment

fragmentary

-ate

full of, having

affection

affectionate

-en

made of, like

gold

golden

-ful

full of, having

wonder

wonderful

-ic

relating to, characteristic of

German, romance

Germanic, romantic

-ive

given to

attract

attractive

-less

lacking, without

life

lifeless

-like

similar, like

ape bell

apelike bell-like

-iy

like, characteristic of

mother

motherly

-ous

full of, marked by

fury

furious

-some

apt to

trouble

troublesome

-ward

in the direction of

west

westward

У

like, showing

shade

shady

Suffixes that form Nouns and Adjectives

Suffix

Meaning

Original word

New noun and adjective

-an, -ian

belonging

America

American

-ese

smth or smb of a place or a style

Japan

Japanese

-ine

smth or smb characteristic of

Florence

Florentine

-ish

smth characteristic of

Spain

Spanish

-ist

doer, believer, related to

Buddha

Buddhist

-ite

(smth or someone) characteristic of

Israel

Israelite

Suffixes that form verbs

Suffix

Meaning

Original word

New verb

-ate

become, form, treat

hyphen

hyphenate

-en

make, cause to be

wide

widen

fy, -ify

cause, make to be

solid

solidify

-ize

make, cause to be

central

centralize

 

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